NeuroTrauma hosts Eric Fanning
Secretary of the Army Eric Fanning joined the NeuroTrauma team today to take a look at some of the new research being conducted in our lab.
Lab BBQ a smashing success!
During our latest lab get together 2nd year PhD student Kathryn O'Connor and Dr. Broglio take it upon themselves to teach us the fundamental principles of physics. See the video below
Steve Broglio interviewed by NBC News for his work better understanding the implications of concussion... article written by Mike Woolfolk
Researchers at the University of Michigan are aiming to make progress toward encouraging safer equipment for athletes and raising awareness about common brain injuries that can occur on the field — an issue of rising concern in both professional and college sports — through new helmet technology.
A new sports-helmet prototype capable of dissipating impulse from impact and taking kinetic energy away from the skull and brain while playing high-contact sports is being developed by a team in the College of Engineering. Though helmets currently used for sports like football are intended to protect against skull and brain injuries, this new prototype aims to step beyond that with new understandings about how the brain becomes injured.
Co-author of the study Ellen Arruda, a professor of mechanical engineering, said the project began by looking at applying lightweight materials to the blast and impact associated with high-contact sports.
Article written by Alexa St. John. Daily Staff Reporter
"Concussion Facts - What you should know" from the UM Injury Center
The University of Michigan Injury Center presents comments from national sport concussion experts who shared their knowledge at a recent Sport Concussion Summit in Ann Arbor. This research-based event offered a balanced view on a hot health topic of concern to many parents and athletes. You can find additional resources on this topic (including links to full presentations by the speakers interviewed in this video) at http://www.injurycenter.umich.edu/con.... We also recommend visiting CDC’s website devoted to this topic for a full range of resources: http://www.cdc.gov/headsup/youthsports/.
Jane Brody of the NY Times and Dr. Steve Broglio of the UM NeuroTrauma Lab talk about the right way to approach youth concussions. You can check out the full article at the NYTimes.com.
While preventing an injury is always best, limited progress has been made in keeping youngsters free of concussions in sports with a high risk of head injuries.
The best available headgear doesn’t cut it. While helmets remain critically important protection in many sports, no helmet can prevent or reduce the risk of a concussion. Helmets are designed to prevent a skull fracture and brain bleed, not to keep the brain steady when a player is hit, the underlying cause of concussion. Research is underway to design helmets that can better absorb the shock of a hit that jostles the brain against an unyielding skull.
Changing the rules in the most hazardous sports has been somewhat successful. Professional football, for example, has banned helmet-first tackling, and similar restrictions exist for amateur players. But for pros as well as young athletes, “some of these collisions are unavoidable,” said Steven P. Broglio, an expert on concussion management.
Dr. Broglio, the director of the Neurotrauma Research Laboratory at the University of Michigan and the lead author of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement on concussions in young athletes, advocates stricter enforcement of the rules of play, with larger penalties and fines for flagrant violations. For younger players, he suggests encouraging “a less aggressive game, with kids playing for fun” rather than going all out to beat their opponents.
He and others attribute the rise in reported concussions among young athletes primarily to an increase in awareness, not an increased risk. Before every state had laws to protect youngsters with suspected head injuries, there were fewer reported cases of concussions in states without these laws, he said.
“The absolute number of concussions is really the same, but now we’re dealing with them,” Dr. Broglio said. “Coaches and athletes are better educated.” Injured players are more likely to report telltale symptoms of a concussion, and coaches are less likely to tell them to “get back in there,” he said.
Article written by Jane Brody
Photo cred: Paul Rogers
Sports Concussion Summit takes place at University of Michigan
Scientific, legal, educational, policy, and media experts from across the country met on Thursday September 24th at the University of Michigan for a day-long Sport Concussion Summit. The event gave researchers, athletes, coaches, and the general public the opportunity to discuss what the latest research on the topic.
Lab director Steve Broglio directed and monitored the event. "(The summit) is an opportunity to educate the public, and not only athletes, but researchers, scientists, clinicians that are interested in this,” said Broglio. “We’re really trying to show what the science is behind the injury as opposed to what is often portrayed in the media."
Check out the Summit's storify page to see pictures, clips, and live tweets from the event. Lab director Steve Broglio directed and monitored the event. "(The summit) is an opportunity to educate the public, and not only athletes, but researchers, scientists, clinicians that are interested in this,” said Broglio. “We’re really trying to show what the science is behind the injury as opposed to what is often portrayed in the media." Read more about the event here.
PhD Candidate Kate O'Connor Interviewed on NPR
Kate O'Connor was featured on Michigan Radio Morning Edition this week to discuss her recently published study on concussions among male and female college athletes.
This fall, Michigan high schools are testing two different programs for detecting concussions in high school athletes.
Girls’ sports are getting equal attention.
O’Connor says she’s seen a difference between the ways male and female athletes acknowledge concussions, knowing that coaches may put them on the bench if they’ve had a concussion.
“Males may be more apt to hide symptoms. Knowing that if they are honest and report things they may be held out longer," says O'Connor. "It is definitely something that is in the back of our minds that female athletes have had less time to ‘game’ the system or think that they should ‘game’ the system.”
The new concussion tests may make it more difficult for all athletes to hide concussions.
The pilot testing of the new concussion protocols will continue for the next two years. But there are no plans for the Michigan High School Athletic Association to mandate the testing in all sports.
Reported by Steve Carmody
The Many Aspects of Sport Concussion
Scientific, legal, educational, policy, and media experts from across the country will be featured during the day-long Sport Concussion Summit, to be held Thursday, September 24, at the Junge Family Champions Center at Michigan Stadium. The U-M Injury Center is hosting the event, and the School of Kinesiology is a co-sponsor.
Former U-M football coach Lloyd Carr will give the welcome and opening remarks. Morning sessions will focus on concussion science, including epidemiology (Dr. Kevin Guskiewicz), biomechanics and prevention (Dr. Stefan Duma), and assessment and injury recovery (Dr. Jeffrey Kutcher).
Afternoon session speakers will address non-scientific considerations, including legal, (Dr. Rudy Castellani and personal injury attorney Steve Pachman), educational (Dr. Tamara C. Valovich McLeod), and media (sport journalist Joanne Gerstner).
Our very own Dr. Steven Broglio will moderate panel discussions during both segments of the summit.
This summit is free of charge, but registration is required due to limited seating. Register HERE.
Broglio teams up with the NCAA to study the effect of concussion on service members and student athletes.
The Defense Department has teamed up with the National Collegiate Athletic Association to study the effects of concussions on service members and student-athletes. The project is run by a group of investigators dubbed the Concussion Assessment, Research and Education, or CARE, Consortium. Steve Broglio talks with Federal News Radio's Matt Wingfield about the consortium.
Recent attention to long-term brain damage linked to multiple concussions among professional football players has prompted a much closer look at how children and adolescents who participate in sports can be protected from similar consequences.
And with good reason. The young brain is especially susceptible to concussion, and sports-related concussions account for more than half of all emergency room visits by children aged 8 through 13, according to the National Athletic Trainers’ Association. A child who suffers a concussion is one and a half times more likely to experience another, and those who have had two concussions have a threefold greater risk of the same injury happening again.
Many parents wonder if it is wise to let their children participate in sports like football and soccer, in which head injuries are most common. Concerns about concussion have been cited as a reason for a decline in enrollment in Pop Warner, the country’s largest youth football program.
At the same time, misconceptions among parents and coaches abound about the seriousness of concussions and how best to prevent them, especially for players who often think they are invincible and say they feel fine so they can get back in the game. Studies have found that more than 50 percent of high school athletes and 70 percent of college athletes failed to report concussions they had sustained while playing football.
But first, it is worth noting that almost no sport is free of a concussion hazard, and that participating in sports has “cognitive, physical, emotional and social benefits that outweigh everything,” said Steven P. Broglio, the director of the Neurotrauma Research Lab at the University of Michigan and the lead author of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement on how best to deal with concussions among young athletes.
Check out the full article here... Article written by Jane Brody
Photo Cred Paul Rogers
O'Connor Featured in Medscape for Study on Gender Differences in Sports Concussion
Do female athletes experience sports concussion more severely than male athletes?
A new study hints that female collegiate athletes with a history of concussion may experience greater and more severe symptoms and poorer cognitive performance at preseason testing than their male counterparts. Kate O'Connor, from University of Michigan 's NeuroTrauma lab presented the findings July 27 in Denver, Colorado at the Sports Concussion Conference hosted by the American Academy of Neurology.
The research team assessed the role of sex and previous concussion on long-term neurocognitive performance in 148 Division I college athletes in 11 sports during a single season at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The athletes are participating in the National Sport Concussion Outcome Study (NSCOS). All women, regardless of concussion history, had more symptoms, greater symptom severity, and poorer cognitive performance than men at baseline.
"More research is needed to confirm these results and to understand why women may have lower performance at preseason baseline. However the difference in performance between genders should be of great interest to athletes, coaches, athletic trainers, and doctors who utilize baseline assessments to aide recovery protocols", said Kathryn.
Read the full article here.
Medscape article written by Megan Brooks
USAFA Cadets Aid in Concussion Study
Hundreds of cadets took part in the research July 13, the Air Force said in a press release. It’s part of a three-year, $30 million joint program by the Pentagon and the National Collegiate Athletic Association to better understand concussions that have bene plaguing both sports and the military.
“The collected results of these evaluations will be compiled into a database and form a baseline of a cadet’s complete physical assessment,” Col. Darren Campbell, the director of the academy’s Concussion Center, said in a press release.
“By having a baseline, we then have something to compare [if]they are injured,” he said. “We know what their ‘norm’ should look like.”
The academy said that each cadet spent an hour undergoing testing and evaluations, including balance, memory, and cognitive tests.
Lt. Cmdr. Brian Johnson, a behavioral science professor at the academy, noted that athletics account for about half of all concussions among cadets.
“Regardless of participation in the national research study, all cadets are given the same level of care,” he said. “We treat every cadet the same and we focus on this issue for long-term effect.”
Article courtesy of PSWARTS and Air Force Times
NCAA, DoD chip in big money for extensive concussion study
More than 35,000 college athletes and cadets at U.S. service academies are helping researchers write a new, extensive and groundbreaking chapter in the study and tracking of concussions.
With about $22 million in funding from the NCAA and Department of Defense, the college students have agreed to be monitored over a period of years, even decades, to determine the frequency, severity and cumulative effects of head injuries in their respective activities.
Though the project, run by a group of investigators who make up the Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium, is less than a year old, the information scientists have already collected shows the potential. Baseline data has already been gathered on 6,500 students, about 225 of whom have suffered concussions and been evaluated.
Martini, Anterasian Earn 2015 AKA Scholar Award
Doug Martini, PhD '15 and recent graduate of our lab received the 2015 American Kinesiology Association Graduate Scholar Award. These annual awards honor a select number of students whose academic and leadership records are distinctive. Doug recently defended his doctoral dissertation, “Long-Term Effects of Concussion on Motor Performance Across the Lifespan.” During his time at U-M Doug also co-authored several journal articles.
Jason Anterasian, SM/BBA '15 received the 2015 American Kinesiology Association (AKA) Undergraduate Scholar award. He was a dual BA degree recipient, majoring in Sport Management and Business Administration. While at Michigan he was finance manager at the Michigan Daily and an intern for the U-M Athletic Department, Fox Sports, and the Big Ten Network.
Congratulations, Doug and Jason!
Over the past decade, concerns over concussion injuries and media coverage of them have skyrocketed. Since 2009, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted concussion laws regulating concussion treatment—the first laws written to address a specific injury.
A University of Michigan study designed to evaluate the impact of new concussion laws found a 92 percent increase in children seeking medical assistance for concussions in states with the legislation in place. States without concussion laws showed a 75 percent increase in those seeking injury-related health care.