This project was a 3D motion capture investigation of kinematic differences in individuals with concussion history. The study’s objective was to provide a biomechanical framework to support a growing body of literature linking orthopedic injury in those no longer displaying the acute signs and symptoms of concussion. Contents from this project were accepted as a presentation at ACSM 2016 and a poster at the 5th International Consensus on Concussion in Sport. My presentation from ACSM was featured in Lower Extremity Review. A manuscript will be submitted to the Special Issue on Concussion for the International Journal of Psychophysiology by early December.
Funding: Carl & Joan Kreager Research Fund
Research Team: Andrew Lapointe; Luis Nolasco; Aniela Sosnowski; Eva Andrews; Douglas N. Martini, PhD; Deanna H. Gates, PhD; Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC
Evaluating Neurocognitive Impairment and Serum Biomarkers of mTBI
Evaluating neurocognitive impairment and serum biomarkers of mild traumatic brain injury in approximately 40 high-school football athletes with high acceleration head impacts and diagnosed concussion. This study aims to provide much-needed insight into athletes with high-acceleration head impacts and concussion,and will reveal if they have sub-clinical deficits that necessitate further investigation
Funding: American Association of Neurological Surgeons Codman Resident NeuroTrauma Research Award
Research Team: Jacob J. Joseph; Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC; P Park; Jennylee Swallow
NHL Performance Study
This study aimed to examine the effect of concussion on ice hockey player performance in the National Hockey League (NHL). It was hypothesized that a concussion would decrease player performance and that player performance prior to injury may contribute to concussion risk
Research Team: Kathryn L. O'Connor; Andrew P. Lapointe; Michelle Galdys; Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC
Factors Influencing Concussion Prevalence in Canadian Youth Sports
This study aimed to examine prevalence of concussion in a small cohort in Eastern Ontario. Athletes and parents are surveyed to examine the perception of concussive injuries. Additionally the project will seek to evaluate the accuracy of parent reports in comparison to their child athlete.
Research Team: Andrew P. Lapointe; Michelle Galdys; Kathryn L. O'Connor; Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC
Funding: National Collegiate Athletic Association and Department of Defense (14132004). NCAA-DoD Grand Alliance: Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium
The largest prospective sport concussion study to date, this investigation will enroll an estimated 35,000 student-athletes from 30 universities across the country. For each year of the study, all athletes (football through golf) will complete the Clinical Study Core (CSC) which includes an in-depth demographics questionnaire, a cognitive evaluation, balance assessment, and symptom reports. Injured athletes will be evaluated at five additional time points. A sub-set of athletes will also participate in the Advanced Research Core (ARC) and receive sophisticated imaging and blood biomarker analyses. The findings of this study will define the natural history of concussion and lay the groundwork for a 30 year prospective investigation on the long-term effects of concussion. For more information on this study click here
Research Team: Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC, Thomas McAllister MD, Michael McCrea Ph.D.
The Effect of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) on Neural Plasticity in Young Adults with a Concussion History
There is considerable debate about the long term effects of concussion and how to best evaluate any potential changes in cognitive and motor control. This investigation implements transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a novel marker of persistent injury and potential intervention to decrease subtle declines in cerebral functioning.
Funding: University of Michigan Injury Center.
Research Team: Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC and Sean Meehan PhD
The Persistent Effect of Concussion on Driving
Over the previous decade, the acute effects of concussion have been well characterized in the literature, however little research has focused on the potential long-term consequences of concussion on brain health. In addition, much of the work evaluating this topic has focused on laboratory-based measures that are difficult to translate to ‘real-world’ situations. As such, this investigation will be the first to evaluate the persistent effects of concussion on driving skills performance. The primary objective of this investigation is to evaluate whether the persistent effects of concussion are also present in complex safety-critical motor tasks while driving and how they may influence crash potential. The evidence gathered from this pilot study will offer insights into the influence of concussion history on driving ability, which can serve to inform the development of interventions that mitigate these declines, and to inform and influence policy regarding licensing, training, public education. For more information you can view the study's page here
Funding: UM Injury Center Pilot Study Funding
Research Team: Steven P. Broglio Ph.D., ATC, Anuj Kumar Pradhan PhD, C. Raymond Bingham Ph.D., Xuming He Ph.D, Kathryn O'Connor, Margaret Dowling